Tag Archives: roller chain construction

China OEM Manufacturer 10ass Simplex Stainless Steel Gearbox Belt Transmission Parts Engineering and Construction Machinery Short Pitch Roller Chains and Bush Chain

Product Description

Chain No. Pitch

P
mm

Roller diameter

d1max
mm

Width between inner plates
b1min
mm
Pin diameter

d2max
mm

Pin length Inner plate depth
h2max
mm
Plate thickness
t/Tmax
mm
Transverse pitch
Pt
mm
Breaking load

Q
kN/lbf

Weight per meter
q
kg/m
Lmax
mm
Lcmax
mm
12BSS-3 19.050 12.07 11.68 5.72 61.50 63.10 16.00 1.85 19.46 55.5/12477 3.71

*Bush chain:d1 in the table indicates the external diameter of the bush
*Straight side plates
Stainless steel chains are suitable for corrosive conditions involving food,chemicals pharmaceuticals,etc.and also suitable for high and low temperature conditions.

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Roller chain
Roller chain or bush roller chain is the type of chain drive most commonly used for transmission of mechanical power on many kinds of domestic, industrial and agricultural machinery, including conveyors, wire- and tube-drawing machines, printing presses, cars, motorcycles, and bicycles. It consists of a series of short cylindrical rollers held together by side links. It is driven by a toothed wheel called a sprocket. It is a simple, reliable, and efficient[1] means of power transmission.

Though CHINAMFG Renold is credited with inventing the roller chain in 1880, sketches by Leonardo da Vinci in the 16th century show a chain with a roller bearing.

Construction of the chain
Two different sizes of roller chain, showing construction.
There are 2 types of links alternating in the bush roller chain. The first type is inner links, having 2 inner plates held together by 2 sleeves or bushings CHINAMFG which rotate 2 rollers. Inner links alternate with the second type, the outer links, consisting of 2 outer plates held together by pins passing through the bushings of the inner links. The “bushingless” roller chain is similar in operation though not in construction; instead of separate bushings or sleeves holding the inner plates together, the plate has a tube stamped into it protruding from the hole which serves the same purpose. This has the advantage of removing 1 step in assembly of the chain.

The roller chain design reduces friction compared to simpler designs, resulting in higher efficiency and less wear. The original power transmission chain varieties lacked rollers and bushings, with both the inner and outer plates held by pins which directly contacted the sprocket teeth; however this configuration exhibited extremely rapid wear of both the sprocket teeth, and the plates where they pivoted on the pins. This problem was partially solved by the development of bushed chains, with the pins holding the outer plates passing through bushings or sleeves connecting the inner plates. This distributed the wear over a greater area; however the teeth of the sprockets still wore more rapidly than is desirable, from the sliding friction against the bushings. The addition of rollers surrounding the bushing sleeves of the chain and provided rolling contact with the teeth of the sprockets resulting in excellent resistance to wear of both sprockets and chain as well. There is even very low friction, as long as the chain is sufficiently lubricated. Continuous, clean, lubrication of roller chains is of primary importance for efficient operation as well as correct tensioning.

Lubrication
Many driving chains (for example, in factory equipment, or driving a camshaft inside an internal combustion engine) operate in clean environments, and thus the wearing surfaces (that is, the pins and bushings) are safe from precipitation and airborne grit, many even in a sealed environment such as an oil bath. Some roller chains are designed to have o-rings built into the space between the outside link plate and the inside roller link plates. Chain manufacturers began to include this feature in 1971 after the application was invented by Joseph Montano while working for Whitney Chain of Hartford, Connecticut. O-rings were included as a way to improve lubrication to the links of power transmission chains, a service that is vitally important to extending their working life. These rubber fixtures form a barrier that holds factory applied lubricating grease inside the pin and bushing wear areas. Further, the rubber o-rings prevent dirt and other contaminants from entering inside the chain linkages, where such particles would otherwise cause significant wear.[citation needed]

There are also many chains that have to operate in dirty conditions, and for size or operational reasons cannot be sealed. Examples include chains on farm equipment, bicycles, and chain saws. These chains will necessarily have relatively high rates of wear, particularly when the operators are prepared to accept more friction, less efficiency, more noise and more frequent replacement as they neglect lubrication and adjustment.

Many oil-based lubricants attract dirt and other particles, eventually forming an CHINAMFG paste that will compound wear on chains. This problem can be circumvented by use of a “dry” PTFE spray, which forms a solid film after application and repels both particles and moisture.

Variants in design

Layout of a roller chain: 1. Outer plate, 2. Inner plate, 3. Pin, 4. Bushing, 5. Roller
If the chain is not being used for a high wear application (for instance if it is just transmitting motion from a hand-operated lever to a control shaft on a machine, or a sliding door on an oven), then 1 of the simpler types of chain may still be used. Conversely, where extra strength but the smooth drive of a smaller pitch is required, the chain may be “siamesed”; instead of just 2 rows of plates on the outer sides of the chain, there may be 3 (“duplex”), 4 (“triplex”), or more rows of plates running parallel, with bushings and rollers between each adjacent pair, and the same number of rows of teeth running in parallel on the sprockets to match. Timing chains on automotive engines, for example, typically have multiple rows of plates called strands.

Roller chain is made in several sizes, the most common American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standards being 40, 50, 60, and 80. The first digit(s) indicate the pitch of the chain in eighths of an inch, with the last digit being 0 for standard chain, 1 for lightweight chain, and 5 for bushed chain with no rollers. Thus, a chain with half-inch pitch would be a #40 while a #160 sprocket would have teeth spaced 2 inches apart, etc. Metric pitches are expressed in sixteenths of an inch; thus a metric #8 chain (08B-1) would be equivalent to an ANSI #40. Most roller chain is made from plain carbon or alloy steel, but stainless steel is used in food processing machinery or other places where lubrication is a problem, and nylon or brass are occasionally seen for the same reason.

Roller chain is ordinarily hooked up using a master link (also known as a connecting link), which typically has 1 pin held by a horseshoe clip rather than friction fit, allowing it to be inserted or removed with simple tools. Chain with a removable link or pin is also known as cottered chain, which allows the length of the chain to be adjusted. Half links (also known as offsets) are available and are used to increase the length of the chain by a single roller. Riveted roller chain has the master link (also known as a connecting link) “riveted” or mashed on the ends. These pins are made to be durable and are not removable.

Use

An example of 2 ‘ghost’ sprockets tensioning a triplex roller chain system
Roller chains are used in low- to mid-speed drives at around 600 to 800 feet per minute; however, at higher speeds, around 2,000 to 3,000 feet per minute, V-belts are normally used due to wear and noise issues.
A bicycle chain is a form of roller chain. Bicycle chains may have a master link, or may require a chain tool for removal and installation. A similar but larger and thus stronger chain is used on most motorcycles although it is sometimes replaced by either a toothed belt or a shaft drive, which offer lower noise level and fewer maintenance requirements.
The great majority of automobile engines use roller chains to drive the camshaft(s). Very high performance engines often use gear drive, and starting in the early 1960s toothed belts were used by some manufacturers.
Chains are also used in forklifts using hydraulic rams as a pulley to raise and lower the carriage; however, these chains are not considered roller chains, but are classified as lift or leaf chains.
Chainsaw cutting chains superficially resemble roller chains but are more closely related to leaf chains. They are driven by projecting drive links which also serve to locate the chain CHINAMFG the bar.

Sea Harrier FA.2 ZA195 front (cold) vector thrust nozzle – the nozzle is rotated by a chain drive from an air motor
A perhaps unusual use of a pair of motorcycle chains is in the Harrier Jump Jet, where a chain drive from an air motor is used to rotate the movable engine nozzles, allowing them to be pointed downwards for hovering flight, or to the rear for normal CHINAMFG flight, a system known as Thrust vectoring.
 

Wear

The effect of wear on a roller chain is to increase the pitch (spacing of the links), causing the chain to grow longer. Note that this is due to wear at the pivoting pins and bushes, not from actual stretching of the metal (as does happen to some flexible steel components such as the hand-brake cable of a motor vehicle).

With modern chains it is unusual for a chain (other than that of a bicycle) to wear until it breaks, since a worn chain leads to the rapid onset of wear on the teeth of the sprockets, with ultimate failure being the loss of all the teeth on the sprocket. The sprockets (in particular the smaller of the two) suffer a grinding motion that puts a characteristic hook shape into the driven face of the teeth. (This effect is made worse by a chain improperly tensioned, but is unavoidable no matter what care is taken). The worn teeth (and chain) no longer provides smooth transmission of power and this may become evident from the noise, the vibration or (in car engines using a timing chain) the variation in ignition timing seen with a timing light. Both sprockets and chain should be replaced in these cases, since a new chain on worn sprockets will not last long. However, in less severe cases it may be possible to save the larger of the 2 sprockets, since it is always the smaller 1 that suffers the most wear. Only in very light-weight applications such as a bicycle, or in extreme cases of improper tension, will the chain normally jump off the sprockets.

The lengthening due to wear of a chain is calculated by the following formula:

{\displaystyle \%=((M-(S*P))/(S*P))*100}

 

M = the length of a number of links measured

S = the number of links measured

P = Pitch

In industry, it is usual to monitor the movement of the chain tensioner (whether manual or automatic) or the exact length of a drive chain (one rule of thumb is to replace a roller chain which has elongated 3% on an adjustable drive or 1.5% on a fixed-center drive). A simpler method, particularly suitable for the cycle or motorcycle user, is to attempt to pull the chain away from the larger of the 2 sprockets, whilst ensuring the chain is taut. Any significant movement (e.g. making it possible to see through a gap) probably indicates a chain worn up to and beyond the limit. Sprocket damage will result if the problem is ignored. Sprocket wear cancels this effect, and may mask chain wear.

Chain strength

The most common measure of roller chain’s strength is tensile strength. Tensile strength represents how much load a chain can withstand under a one-time load before breaking. Just as important as tensile strength is a chain’s fatigue strength. The critical factors in a chain’s fatigue strength is the quality of steel used to manufacture the chain, the heat treatment of the chain components, the quality of the pitch hole fabrication of the linkplates, and the type of shot plus the intensity of shot peen coverage on the linkplates. Other factors can include the thickness of the linkplates and the design (contour) of the linkplates. The rule of thumb for roller chain operating on a continuous drive is for the chain load to not exceed a mere 1/6 or 1/9 of the chain’s tensile strength, depending on the type of master links used (press-fit vs. slip-fit)[citation needed]. Roller chains operating on a continuous drive beyond these thresholds can and typically do fail prematurely via linkplate fatigue failure.

The standard minimum ultimate strength of the ANSI 29.1 steel chain is 12,500 x (pitch, in inches)2. X-ring and O-Ring chains greatly decrease wear by means of internal lubricants, increasing chain life. The internal lubrication is inserted by means of a vacuum when riveting the chain together.

Chain standards

Standards organizations (such as ANSI and ISO) maintain standards for design, dimensions, and interchangeability of transmission chains. For example, the following Table shows data from ANSI standard B29.1-2011 (Precision Power Transmission Roller Chains, Attachments, and Sprockets) developed by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). See the references[8][9][10] for additional information.

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard SizesSizePitchMaximum Roller DiameterMinimum Ultimate Tensile StrengthMeasuring Load25.

For mnemonic purposes, below is another presentation of key dimensions from the same standard, expressed in fractions of an inch (which was part of the thinking behind the choice of preferred numbers in the ANSI standard):

Notes:
1. The pitch is the distance between roller centers. The width is the distance between the link plates (i.e. slightly more than the roller width to allow for clearance).
2. The right-hand digit of the standard denotes 0 = normal chain, 1 = lightweight chain, 5 = rollerless bushing chain.
3. The left-hand digit denotes the number of eighths of an inch that make up the pitch.
4. An “H” following the standard number denotes heavyweight chain. A hyphenated number following the standard number denotes double-strand (2), triple-strand (3), and so on. Thus 60H-3 denotes number 60 heavyweight triple-strand chain.
 A typical bicycle chain (for derailleur gears) uses narrow 1⁄2-inch-pitch chain. The width of the chain is variable, and does not affect the load capacity. The more sprockets at the rear wheel (historically 3-6, nowadays 7-12 sprockets), the narrower the chain. Chains are sold according to the number of speeds they are designed to work with, for example, “10 speed chain”. Hub gear or single speed bicycles use 1/2″ x 1/8″ chains, where 1/8″ refers to the maximum thickness of a sprocket that can be used with the chain.

Typically chains with parallel shaped links have an even number of links, with each narrow link followed by a broad one. Chains built up with a uniform type of link, narrow at 1 and broad at the other end, can be made with an odd number of links, which can be an advantage to adapt to a special chainwheel-distance; on the other side such a chain tends to be not so strong.

Roller chains made using ISO standard are sometimes called as isochains.
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Q:Why choose us ?
A. we are a manufacturer, we have manufactured valve for over 20 years .
B. Reliable Quality Assurance System;
C. Cutting-Edge Computer-Controlled CNC Machines;
D. Bespoke Solutions from Highly Experienced Specialists;
E. Customization and OEM Available for Specific Application;
F. Extensive Inventory of Spare Parts and Accessories;
G. Well-Developed CHINAMFG Marketing Network;
H. Efficient After-Sale Service System

Q. what is your payment term? 
 A: 30% TT deposit, 70% balance T/T before shipping.

Q:Can we print our logo on your products?
A: yes, we offer OEM/ODM service, we support the customized logo, size, package,etc.

Q: Can you make chains according to my CAD drawings?
A: Yes. Besides the regular standard chains, we produce non-standard and custom-design products to meet the specific technical requirements. In reality, a sizable portion of our production capacity is assigned to make non-standard products.

 
 Q: what is your main market?
A: North America, South America, Eastern Europe, Western Europe, Southeast Asia, Africa, Oceania, Mid East, Eastern Asia,
 
Q: Can I get samples from your factory?
A: Yes, Samples can be provided.

 

 

Standard or Nonstandard: Standard, Standard
Application: Textile Machinery, Garment Machinery, Electric Cars, Motorcycle, Food Machinery, Agricultural Machinery, Textile Machinery, Garment Machinery, Conveyer Equipment, Packaging Machinery, Electric Cars, Motorcycle, Food Machinery, Marine, Mining Equipment, Agricultural Machinery, Car, Food and Beverage Industry, Motorcycle Parts
Surface Treatment: Polishing, Polishing
Structure: Roller Chain, Rotransmission Chain, Pulling Chain, Driving Chain
Material: Stainless Steel, Rubber
Type: Bush Chain, Transmission Chain, Pulling Chain, Driving Chain
Samples:
US$ 0/Meter
1 Meter(Min.Order)

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Customization:
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engineering chain

How do engineering chains handle misalignment between sprockets?

Engineering chains are designed to handle some degree of misalignment between sprockets. Misalignment can occur due to various factors such as improper installation, wear and elongation of the chain, or inaccuracies in the machinery. While some misalignment is inevitable in many industrial applications, excessive misalignment should be avoided to ensure optimal chain performance and longevity.

Here’s how engineering chains handle misalignment:

  1. Flexible Construction: Engineering chains are constructed with flexible components such as pins, rollers, and bushings. This design allows the chain to adapt to minor misalignments without putting excessive stress on the chain or sprockets.
  2. Articulating Joints: The articulating joints in the chain allow it to articulate smoothly around the sprockets, accommodating minor misalignment during the rotation. This helps reduce wear on the chain and sprockets.
  3. Tolerance for Misalignment: Manufacturers provide specifications for the allowable misalignment between sprockets. Engineering chains are designed to handle a certain level of misalignment within these tolerances without significantly affecting their performance.
  4. Proper Installation: Correct installation of the engineering chain is crucial to minimizing misalignment issues. Ensuring proper tension, alignment, and center-to-center distance between sprockets can help reduce misalignment and prolong chain life.
  5. Regular Maintenance: Regular maintenance, including chain inspection and lubrication, can help identify and address misalignment issues early on. Promptly correcting misalignment can prevent further damage and ensure efficient chain operation.
  6. Alignment Devices: In some cases, alignment devices or tools may be used during installation to ensure accurate alignment between the sprockets. These devices can help improve chain performance and reduce wear caused by misalignment.

It is essential to follow the manufacturer’s guidelines for chain installation, maintenance, and alignment to optimize the performance and service life of engineering chains. Addressing misalignment issues promptly and keeping the chain in proper working condition will contribute to the overall reliability and efficiency of the machinery or equipment in which the chain is used.

engineering chain

Can engineering chains be used for power transmission in conveyor systems?

Yes, engineering chains are commonly used for power transmission in conveyor systems. Conveyor systems are widely employed in various industries for material handling, and they require reliable and efficient power transmission methods to move heavy loads over long distances. Engineering chains are well-suited for these applications due to their robust construction, high load-carrying capacity, and versatility.

Conveyor systems often consist of a series of sprockets and a continuous loop of engineering chain that runs over these sprockets. The chain is driven by a motorized sprocket, and as it moves, it carries the conveyed material along the conveyor’s length. The design of engineering chains ensures smooth engagement with the sprockets, enabling efficient power transmission and precise material handling.

Depending on the specific requirements of the conveyor system, various types of engineering chains can be used. For instance, for applications where cleanliness is crucial, stainless steel chains with self-lubricating properties may be employed. In environments with high corrosion potential, corrosion-resistant coatings on chain components can extend the chain’s lifespan.

Furthermore, engineering chains can be customized to fit different conveyor configurations, allowing for the design of complex conveyor systems that suit specific production processes or spatial limitations.

In summary, engineering chains are an excellent choice for power transmission in conveyor systems due to their durability, load capacity, and adaptability. They ensure smooth and reliable operation, making them indispensable in material handling and conveyor applications across various industries.

engineering chain

Can engineering chains be used in corrosive or harsh environments?

Yes, engineering chains can be designed and manufactured to withstand corrosive or harsh environments. When operating in such conditions, it is crucial to select the appropriate materials and coatings for the chain to ensure its durability and performance. Here are some considerations for using engineering chains in corrosive or harsh environments:

1. Material Selection: Choose materials that have high corrosion resistance, such as stainless steel or nickel-plated chains. These materials can withstand exposure to moisture, chemicals, and other corrosive agents.

2. Coatings and Surface Treatments: Applying specialized coatings or surface treatments to the chain can further enhance its corrosion resistance. Common coatings include zinc plating, chromate conversion coating, and polymer coatings.

3. Sealed Joints: Opt for engineering chains with sealed joints or special seals to protect the internal components from contaminants and moisture, reducing the risk of corrosion.

4. Environmental Ratings: Some engineering chains may come with specific environmental ratings that indicate their suitability for certain conditions. Check these ratings to ensure the chain is appropriate for the intended environment.

5. Regular Maintenance: Even with corrosion-resistant materials and coatings, regular maintenance is essential. Keep the chain clean, lubricated, and free from debris to prevent corrosion and premature wear.

6. Compatibility with Other Components: Ensure that all components in the chain system, such as sprockets and bearings, are also suitable for use in corrosive environments.

7. Temperature Considerations: Take into account the operating temperature range of the environment. Some materials may perform differently at extreme temperatures, affecting the chain’s overall performance.

8. Chemical Exposure: If the chain will be exposed to specific chemicals or substances, verify that the chosen materials and coatings are resistant to those chemicals.

By carefully selecting the right materials, coatings, and design features, engineering chains can effectively handle corrosive or harsh environments, maintaining their functionality and longevity in challenging industrial applications.

China OEM Manufacturer 10ass Simplex Stainless Steel Gearbox Belt Transmission Parts Engineering and Construction Machinery Short Pitch Roller Chains and Bush Chain  China OEM Manufacturer 10ass Simplex Stainless Steel Gearbox Belt Transmission Parts Engineering and Construction Machinery Short Pitch Roller Chains and Bush Chain
editor by CX 2023-10-26

China Good quality Engineering and Construction Machinery Heavy Chain 180-2 a Series Stainless Steel Short Pitch Precision Duplex Roller Chains and Bush Chains for Steel Mill

Product Description

A Series Short Pitch Precision Duplex Roller Chains & Bush Chains

ISO/ANSI/ DIN
Chain No.
Chain No. Pitch

P
mm

Roller diameter

d1max
mm

Width between inner plates
b1min
mm
Pin diameter

d2max
mm

Pin length Inner plate depth
h2max
mm
Plate thickness

Tmax
mm

Transverse                     Pt 
mm
Tensile strength

Qmin
kN/lbf

Average tensile strength
Q0
kN
Weight per meter
q  
kg/m
Lmax
mm
Lcmax
mm
180-2 36A-2 57.150 35.71 35.48 17.46 138.6 144.4 53.60 7.20 65.84 560.50/127386 722.2 29.22

ROLLER CHAIN

Roller chain or bush roller chain is the type of chain drive most commonly used for transmission of mechanical power on many kinds of domestic, industrial and agricultural machinery, including conveyors, wire- and tube-drawing machines, printing presses, cars, motorcycles, and bicycles. It consists of a series of short cylindrical rollers held together by side links. It is driven by a toothed wheel called a sprocket. It is a simple, reliable, and efficient means of power transmission.

CONSTRUCTION OF THE CHAIN

Two different sizes of roller chain, showing construction.
There are 2 types of links alternating in the bush roller chain. The first type is inner links, having 2 inner plates held together by 2 sleeves or bushings CHINAMFG which rotate 2 rollers. Inner links alternate with the second type, the outer links, consisting of 2 outer plates held together by pins passing through the bushings of the inner links. The “bushingless” roller chain is similar in operation though not in construction; instead of separate bushings or sleeves holding the inner plates together, the plate has a tube stamped into it protruding from the hole which serves the same purpose. This has the advantage of removing 1 step in assembly of the chain.

The roller chain design reduces friction compared to simpler designs, resulting in higher efficiency and less wear. The original power transmission chain varieties lacked rollers and bushings, with both the inner and outer plates held by pins which directly contacted the sprocket teeth; however this configuration exhibited extremely rapid wear of both the sprocket teeth, and the plates where they pivoted on the pins. This problem was partially solved by the development of bushed chains, with the pins holding the outer plates passing through bushings or sleeves connecting the inner plates. This distributed the wear over a greater area; however the teeth of the sprockets still wore more rapidly than is desirable, from the sliding friction against the bushings. The addition of rollers surrounding the bushing sleeves of the chain and provided rolling contact with the teeth of the sprockets resulting in excellent resistance to wear of both sprockets and chain as well. There is even very low friction, as long as the chain is sufficiently lubricated. Continuous, clean, lubrication of roller chains is of primary importance for efficient operation as well as correct tensioning.

LUBRICATION

Many driving chains (for example, in factory equipment, or driving a camshaft inside an internal combustion engine) operate in clean environments, and thus the wearing surfaces (that is, the pins and bushings) are safe from precipitation and airborne grit, many even in a sealed environment such as an oil bath. Some roller chains are designed to have o-rings built into the space between the outside link plate and the inside roller link plates. Chain manufacturers began to include this feature in 1971 after the application was invented by Joseph Montano while working for Whitney Chain of Hartford, Connecticut. O-rings were included as a way to improve lubrication to the links of power transmission chains, a service that is vitally important to extending their working life. These rubber fixtures form a barrier that holds factory applied lubricating grease inside the pin and bushing wear areas. Further, the rubber o-rings prevent dirt and other contaminants from entering inside the chain linkages, where such particles would otherwise cause significant wear.[citation needed]

There are also many chains that have to operate in dirty conditions, and for size or operational reasons cannot be sealed. Examples include chains on farm equipment, bicycles, and chain saws. These chains will necessarily have relatively high rates of wear, particularly when the operators are prepared to accept more friction, less efficiency, more noise and more frequent replacement as they neglect lubrication and adjustment.

Many oil-based lubricants attract dirt and other particles, eventually forming an CHINAMFG paste that will compound wear on chains. This problem can be circumvented by use of a “dry” PTFE spray, which forms a solid film after application and repels both particles and moisture.

VARIANTS DESIGN

Layout of a roller chain: 1. Outer plate, 2. Inner plate, 3. Pin, 4. Bushing, 5. Roller
If the chain is not being used for a high wear application (for instance if it is just transmitting motion from a hand-operated lever to a control shaft on a machine, or a sliding door on an oven), then 1 of the simpler types of chain may still be used. Conversely, where extra strength but the smooth drive of a smaller pitch is required, the chain may be “siamesed”; instead of just 2 rows of plates on the outer sides of the chain, there may be 3 (“duplex”), 4 (“triplex”), or more rows of plates running parallel, with bushings and rollers between each adjacent pair, and the same number of rows of teeth running in parallel on the sprockets to match. Timing chains on automotive engines, for example, typically have multiple rows of plates called strands.

Roller chain is made in several sizes, the most common American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standards being 40, 50, 60, and 80. The first digit(s) indicate the pitch of the chain in eighths of an inch, with the last digit being 0 for standard chain, 1 for lightweight chain, and 5 for bushed chain with no rollers. Thus, a chain with half-inch pitch would be a #40 while a #160 sprocket would have teeth spaced 2 inches apart, etc. Metric pitches are expressed in sixteenths of an inch; thus a metric #8 chain (08B-1) would be equivalent to an ANSI #40. Most roller chain is made from plain carbon or alloy steel, but stainless steel is used in food processing machinery or other places where lubrication is a problem, and nylon or brass are occasionally seen for the same reason.

Roller chain is ordinarily hooked up using a master link (also known as a connecting link), which typically has 1 pin held by a horseshoe clip rather than friction fit, allowing it to be inserted or removed with simple tools. Chain with a removable link or pin is also known as cottered chain, which allows the length of the chain to be adjusted. Half links (also known as offsets) are available and are used to increase the length of the chain by a single roller. Riveted roller chain has the master link (also known as a connecting link) “riveted” or mashed on the ends. These pins are made to be durable and are not removable.

USE

An example of 2 ‘ghost’ sprockets tensioning a triplex roller chain system
Roller chains are used in low- to mid-speed drives at around 600 to 800 feet per minute; however, at higher speeds, around 2,000 to 3,000 feet per minute, V-belts are normally used due to wear and noise issues.
A bicycle chain is a form of roller chain. Bicycle chains may have a master link, or may require a chain tool for removal and installation. A similar but larger and thus stronger chain is used on most motorcycles although it is sometimes replaced by either a toothed belt or a shaft drive, which offer lower noise level and fewer maintenance requirements.
The great majority of automobile engines use roller chains to drive the camshaft(s). Very high performance engines often use gear drive, and starting in the early 1960s toothed belts were used by some manufacturers.
Chains are also used in forklifts using hydraulic rams as a pulley to raise and lower the carriage; however, these chains are not considered roller chains, but are classified as lift or leaf chains.
Chainsaw cutting chains superficially resemble roller chains but are more closely related to leaf chains. They are driven by projecting drive links which also serve to locate the chain CHINAMFG the bar.

Sea Harrier FA.2 ZA195 front (cold) vector thrust nozzle – the nozzle is rotated by a chain drive from an air motor
A perhaps unusual use of a pair of motorcycle chains is in the Harrier Jump Jet, where a chain drive from an air motor is used to rotate the movable engine nozzles, allowing them to be pointed downwards for hovering flight, or to the rear for normal CHINAMFG flight, a system known as Thrust vectoring.

WEAR

 

The effect of wear on a roller chain is to increase the pitch (spacing of the links), causing the chain to grow longer. Note that this is due to wear at the pivoting pins and bushes, not from actual stretching of the metal (as does happen to some flexible steel components such as the hand-brake cable of a motor vehicle).

With modern chains it is unusual for a chain (other than that of a bicycle) to wear until it breaks, since a worn chain leads to the rapid onset of wear on the teeth of the sprockets, with ultimate failure being the loss of all the teeth on the sprocket. The sprockets (in particular the smaller of the two) suffer a grinding motion that puts a characteristic hook shape into the driven face of the teeth. (This effect is made worse by a chain improperly tensioned, but is unavoidable no matter what care is taken). The worn teeth (and chain) no longer provides smooth transmission of power and this may become evident from the noise, the vibration or (in car engines using a timing chain) the variation in ignition timing seen with a timing light. Both sprockets and chain should be replaced in these cases, since a new chain on worn sprockets will not last long. However, in less severe cases it may be possible to save the larger of the 2 sprockets, since it is always the smaller 1 that suffers the most wear. Only in very light-weight applications such as a bicycle, or in extreme cases of improper tension, will the chain normally jump off the sprockets.

The lengthening due to wear of a chain is calculated by the following formula:

M = the length of a number of links measured

S = the number of links measured

P = Pitch

In industry, it is usual to monitor the movement of the chain tensioner (whether manual or automatic) or the exact length of a drive chain (one rule of thumb is to replace a roller chain which has elongated 3% on an adjustable drive or 1.5% on a fixed-center drive). A simpler method, particularly suitable for the cycle or motorcycle user, is to attempt to pull the chain away from the larger of the 2 sprockets, whilst ensuring the chain is taut. Any significant movement (e.g. making it possible to see through a gap) probably indicates a chain worn up to and beyond the limit. Sprocket damage will result if the problem is ignored. Sprocket wear cancels this effect, and may mask chain wear.

CHAIN STRENGTH

The most common measure of roller chain’s strength is tensile strength. Tensile strength represents how much load a chain can withstand under a one-time load before breaking. Just as important as tensile strength is a chain’s fatigue strength. The critical factors in a chain’s fatigue strength is the quality of steel used to manufacture the chain, the heat treatment of the chain components, the quality of the pitch hole fabrication of the linkplates, and the type of shot plus the intensity of shot peen coverage on the linkplates. Other factors can include the thickness of the linkplates and the design (contour) of the linkplates. The rule of thumb for roller chain operating on a continuous drive is for the chain load to not exceed a mere 1/6 or 1/9 of the chain’s tensile strength, depending on the type of master links used (press-fit vs. slip-fit)[citation needed]. Roller chains operating on a continuous drive beyond these thresholds can and typically do fail prematurely via linkplate fatigue failure.

The standard minimum ultimate strength of the ANSI 29.1 steel chain is 12,500 x (pitch, in inches)2. X-ring and O-Ring chains greatly decrease wear by means of internal lubricants, increasing chain life. The internal lubrication is inserted by means of a vacuum when riveting the chain together.

CHAIN STHangZhouRDS

Standards organizations (such as ANSI and ISO) maintain standards for design, dimensions, and interchangeability of transmission chains. For example, the following Table shows data from ANSI standard B29.1-2011 (Precision Power Transmission Roller Chains, Attachments, and Sprockets) developed by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). See the references[8][9][10] for additional information.

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard SizesSizePitchMaximum Roller DiameterMinimum Ultimate Tensile StrengthMeasuring Load25

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard Sizes
Size Pitch Maximum Roller Diameter Minimum Ultimate Tensile Strength Measuring Load
25 0.250 in (6.35 mm) 0.130 in (3.30 mm) 780 lb (350 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
35 0.375 in (9.53 mm) 0.200 in (5.08 mm) 1,760 lb (800 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
41 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.306 in (7.77 mm) 1,500 lb (680 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
40 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.312 in (7.92 mm) 3,125 lb (1,417 kg) 31 lb (14 kg)
50 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 0.400 in (10.16 mm) 4,880 lb (2,210 kg) 49 lb (22 kg)
60 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 0.469 in (11.91 mm) 7,030 lb (3,190 kg) 70 lb (32 kg)
80 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 12,500 lb (5,700 kg) 125 lb (57 kg)
100 1.250 in (31.75 mm) 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 19,531 lb (8,859 kg) 195 lb (88 kg)
120 1.500 in (38.10 mm) 0.875 in (22.23 mm) 28,125 lb (12,757 kg) 281 lb (127 kg)
140 1.750 in (44.45 mm) 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 38,280 lb (17,360 kg) 383 lb (174 kg)
160 2.000 in (50.80 mm) 1.125 in (28.58 mm) 50,000 lb (23,000 kg) 500 lb (230 kg)
180 2.250 in (57.15 mm) 1.460 in (37.08 mm) 63,280 lb (28,700 kg) 633 lb (287 kg)
200 2.500 in (63.50 mm) 1.562 in (39.67 mm) 78,175 lb (35,460 kg) 781 lb (354 kg)
240 3.000 in (76.20 mm) 1.875 in (47.63 mm) 112,500 lb (51,000 kg) 1,000 lb (450 kg

For mnemonic purposes, below is another presentation of key dimensions from the same standard, expressed in fractions of an inch (which was part of the thinking behind the choice of preferred numbers in the ANSI standard):

Pitch (inches) Pitch expressed
in eighths
ANSI standard
chain number
Width (inches)
14 28 25 18
38 38 35 316
12 48 41 14
12 48 40 516
58 58 50 38
34 68 60 12
1 88 80 58

Notes:
1. The pitch is the distance between roller centers. The width is the distance between the link plates (i.e. slightly more than the roller width to allow for clearance).
2. The right-hand digit of the standard denotes 0 = normal chain, 1 = lightweight chain, 5 = rollerless bushing chain.
3. The left-hand digit denotes the number of eighths of an inch that make up the pitch.
4. An “H” following the standard number denotes heavyweight chain. A hyphenated number following the standard number denotes double-strand (2), triple-strand (3), and so on. Thus 60H-3 denotes number 60 heavyweight triple-strand chain.
 A typical bicycle chain (for derailleur gears) uses narrow 1⁄2-inch-pitch chain. The width of the chain is variable, and does not affect the load capacity. The more sprockets at the rear wheel (historically 3-6, nowadays 7-12 sprockets), the narrower the chain. Chains are sold according to the number of speeds they are designed to work with, for example, “10 speed chain”. Hub gear or single speed bicycles use 1/2″ x 1/8″ chains, where 1/8″ refers to the maximum thickness of a sprocket that can be used with the chain.

Typically chains with parallel shaped links have an even number of links, with each narrow link followed by a broad one. Chains built up with a uniform type of link, narrow at 1 and broad at the other end, can be made with an odd number of links, which can be an advantage to adapt to a special chainwheel-distance; on the other side such a chain tends to be not so strong.

Roller chains made using ISO standard are sometimes called as isochains.

 

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We are not just a manufacturer and supplier, but also an industry consultant. We work pro-actively with you to offer expert advice and product recommendations in order to end up with a most cost effective product available for your specific application. The clients we serve CHINAMFG range from end users to distributors and OEMs. Our OEM replacements can be substituted wherever necessary and suitable for both repair and new assemblies.

 

Standard or Nonstandard: Standard
Application: Textile Machinery, Garment Machinery, Conveyer Equipment, Packaging Machinery, Electric Cars, Motorcycle, Food Machinery, Mining Equipment, Agricultural Machinery, Car, Textile Machinery, Garment Machinery, Conveyor
Surface Treatment: Polishing
Structure: Roller Chain
Material: Alloy
Type: Derrck, Bush Chain
Samples:
US$ 0/Meter
1 Meter(Min.Order)

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engineering chain

Can engineering chains be used for power transmission in mining equipment?

Yes, engineering chains are commonly used for power transmission in various mining equipment applications. Mining operations involve heavy-duty machinery that requires robust and reliable power transmission systems to handle the demanding conditions and loads. Engineering chains are well-suited for these challenging environments due to their strength, durability, and versatility.

In mining equipment, engineering chains are used in various applications, including:

  • Conveyors: Mining conveyors transport raw materials and ores over long distances, and engineering chains play a crucial role in driving these conveyors and ensuring smooth material flow.
  • Bucket Elevators: Bucket elevators are used to vertically lift and transfer materials, and engineering chains provide the power transmission required for their operation.
  • Crushers and Pulverizers: Engineering chains are used to drive crushers and pulverizers, which reduce the size of mined materials for further processing.
  • Draglines and Excavators: These large mining machines use engineering chains to power their movement and operation.
  • Stackers and Reclaimers: These machines stack and reclaim bulk materials in storage yards, and engineering chains facilitate their movement and positioning.

Engineering chains are preferred in mining applications because they can withstand heavy loads, shock loads, and harsh environmental conditions commonly found in mining operations. Additionally, engineering chains are available in various sizes, pitches, and configurations, making them adaptable to different mining equipment designs and requirements.

To ensure reliable performance, it is essential to select the appropriate type and size of engineering chain for each specific mining equipment application. Regular maintenance and proper lubrication are also critical to extend the chain’s service life and minimize downtime in mining operations.

engineering chain

What are the benefits of using an engineering chain in material handling systems?

An engineering chain offers several advantages when used in material handling systems, making it a popular choice for various industrial applications:

1. High Strength and Durability: Engineering chains are designed to withstand heavy loads and offer high tensile strength, making them ideal for material handling tasks that involve transporting heavy or bulky items.

2. Reliable Power Transmission: Engineering chains provide a reliable means of power transmission, ensuring smooth and efficient movement of materials within the handling system.

3. Versatility: These chains are available in various configurations and sizes, allowing for customization to fit different material handling equipment and conveyor systems.

4. Flexibility: Engineering chains can be used in both straight-line and curved conveyor systems, offering flexibility in designing material flow paths.

5. Low Maintenance: When properly lubricated and maintained, engineering chains have a long service life with minimal maintenance requirements, reducing downtime and overall operating costs.

6. Corrosion Resistance: For material handling systems operating in harsh environments, corrosion-resistant engineering chains, such as stainless steel chains, can be used to prevent degradation and ensure longevity.

7. Wide Range of Applications: Engineering chains are suitable for a wide range of material handling applications, including manufacturing, warehousing, distribution centers, and more.

8. Precise Control: These chains offer precise control over the movement of materials, enabling accurate positioning and synchronization in automated material handling systems.

9. Reduced Noise and Vibration: Engineering chains are designed to operate quietly and with minimal vibration, contributing to a more comfortable and quieter working environment.

10. Safety: The reliability and strength of engineering chains enhance the safety of material handling operations, reducing the risk of chain failure and related accidents.

Overall, the use of engineering chains in material handling systems ensures efficient and dependable movement of goods and materials, contributing to increased productivity, reduced downtime, and improved safety in industrial environments.

engineering chain

What is an engineering chain and what are its uses in various industries?

An engineering chain, also known as an industrial chain, is a type of power transmission chain widely used in various industries for transmitting mechanical power between two or more rotating shafts. It consists of a series of interconnected links that form a flexible and durable mechanism capable of handling heavy loads and harsh operating conditions. Here are its uses in different industries:

1. Manufacturing Industry:

In the manufacturing sector, engineering chains are employed in conveyor systems for material handling, assembly lines, and automated production processes. They facilitate the movement of raw materials, workpieces, and finished products efficiently, streamlining production and reducing manual labor.

2. Automotive Industry:

Automotive manufacturing relies heavily on engineering chains for conveying car parts during assembly. From the production of engines to body assembly, these chains ensure a smooth and continuous flow of components through the manufacturing process.

3. Agriculture and Farming:

In the agricultural sector, engineering chains are used in machinery such as tractors and combine harvesters. They facilitate power transmission from the engine to different agricultural implements, enabling various tasks like plowing, seeding, and harvesting.

4. Construction and Mining:

Construction equipment and mining machinery utilize engineering chains for heavy-duty power transmission. These chains are suitable for harsh environments and high-load applications, making them ideal for conveying construction materials and excavating operations.

5. Oil and Gas Industry:

In the oil and gas sector, engineering chains are utilized in drilling rigs and oil extraction equipment. They assist in the rotation of drill bits and the transfer of power within complex drilling systems.

6. Food and Beverage Industry:

Engineering chains find applications in food processing and beverage manufacturing, where they are used in conveyor systems for handling ingredients, packaging, and bottling processes. Specialized food-grade chains are designed to meet strict hygiene standards.

7. Material Handling:

Across various industries, engineering chains are widely employed in material handling systems, including overhead cranes, hoists, and elevators. They ensure smooth and efficient movement of heavy loads in warehouses, distribution centers, and manufacturing facilities.

8. Pulp and Paper Industry:

In the pulp and paper industry, engineering chains are used in paper processing machines, pulp digesters, and paper converting equipment. They contribute to the continuous flow of paper products during manufacturing.

9. Renewable Energy:

In the renewable energy sector, engineering chains are utilized in wind turbines and solar tracking systems. They assist in adjusting the position of solar panels and wind turbine blades to optimize energy capture.

10. Power Generation:

In power plants, engineering chains are used in various equipment, including conveyor systems for transporting fuel and ash, as well as in boiler feed systems and other power generation processes.

11. Water and Wastewater Treatment:

Engineering chains are employed in water treatment plants for sludge dewatering and in wastewater treatment plants for handling sludge and screenings.

12. Textile Industry:

In textile machinery, engineering chains assist in the production process, including spinning, weaving, and fabric handling.

13. Printing Industry:

In printing presses, engineering chains facilitate the smooth movement of paper during the printing process.

14. Packaging Industry:

Engineering chains are utilized in packaging machinery for handling boxes, cartons, and other packaging materials.

Overall, engineering chains are versatile components that play a crucial role in various industries for power transmission and material handling applications. They provide reliability, durability, and efficiency, making them an essential part of modern industrial processes.

China Good quality Engineering and Construction Machinery Heavy Chain 180-2 a Series Stainless Steel Short Pitch Precision Duplex Roller Chains and Bush Chains for Steel Mill  China Good quality Engineering and Construction Machinery Heavy Chain 180-2 a Series Stainless Steel Short Pitch Precision Duplex Roller Chains and Bush Chains for Steel Mill
editor by CX 2023-09-25