Tag Archives: industrial chains

China OEM Engineering and Construction Machinery Industrial 64b-3 B Series Short Pitch Precision Triplex Industrial Martin Gearbox Roller Chains and Bush Chains

Product Description

B Series Short pitch Precision Triplex Roller Chains & Bush Chains

ISO/DIN
Chain No.
Pitch

P
mm

Roller diameter

d1max
mm

Width between inner plates
b1min
mm
Pin diameter

d2max
mm

Pin length Inner plate depth
h2max
mm
Plate thickness

t/Tmax
mm

Transverse pitch
 P
mm
Tensile strength

Qmin
kN/lbf

Average tensile strength
Q0
kN
Weight per meter
q
kg/m
Lmax
mm
Lcmax
mm
64B-3 101.60 63.50 60.96 39.40 369.8 378.3 90.17 15.00/13.0 119.89 3000.0/681820 3300.0 136.00

*Straight side plates

 

ROLLER CHAIN

Roller chain or bush roller chain is the type of chain drive most commonly used for transmission of mechanical power on many kinds of domestic, industrial and agricultural machinery, including conveyors, wire- and tube-drawing machines, printing presses, cars, motorcycles, and bicycles. It consists of a series of short cylindrical rollers held together by side links. It is driven by a toothed wheel called a sprocket. It is a simple, reliable, and efficient means of power transmission.

CONSTRUCTION OF THE CHAIN

Two different sizes of roller chain, showing construction.
There are 2 types of links alternating in the bush roller chain. The first type is inner links, having 2 inner plates held together by 2 sleeves or bushings CHINAMFG which rotate 2 rollers. Inner links alternate with the second type, the outer links, consisting of 2 outer plates held together by pins passing through the bushings of the inner links. The “bushingless” roller chain is similar in operation though not in construction; instead of separate bushings or sleeves holding the inner plates together, the plate has a tube stamped into it protruding from the hole which serves the same purpose. This has the advantage of removing 1 step in assembly of the chain.

The roller chain design reduces friction compared to simpler designs, resulting in higher efficiency and less wear. The original power transmission chain varieties lacked rollers and bushings, with both the inner and outer plates held by pins which directly contacted the sprocket teeth; however this configuration exhibited extremely rapid wear of both the sprocket teeth, and the plates where they pivoted on the pins. This problem was partially solved by the development of bushed chains, with the pins holding the outer plates passing through bushings or sleeves connecting the inner plates. This distributed the wear over a greater area; however the teeth of the sprockets still wore more rapidly than is desirable, from the sliding friction against the bushings. The addition of rollers surrounding the bushing sleeves of the chain and provided rolling contact with the teeth of the sprockets resulting in excellent resistance to wear of both sprockets and chain as well. There is even very low friction, as long as the chain is sufficiently lubricated. Continuous, clean, lubrication of roller chains is of primary importance for efficient operation as well as correct tensioning.

LUBRICATION

Many driving chains (for example, in factory equipment, or driving a camshaft inside an internal combustion engine) operate in clean environments, and thus the wearing surfaces (that is, the pins and bushings) are safe from precipitation and airborne grit, many even in a sealed environment such as an oil bath. Some roller chains are designed to have o-rings built into the space between the outside link plate and the inside roller link plates. Chain manufacturers began to include this feature in 1971 after the application was invented by Joseph Montano while working for Whitney Chain of Hartford, Connecticut. O-rings were included as a way to improve lubrication to the links of power transmission chains, a service that is vitally important to extending their working life. These rubber fixtures form a barrier that holds factory applied lubricating grease inside the pin and bushing wear areas. Further, the rubber o-rings prevent dirt and other contaminants from entering inside the chain linkages, where such particles would otherwise cause significant wear.[citation needed]

There are also many chains that have to operate in dirty conditions, and for size or operational reasons cannot be sealed. Examples include chains on farm equipment, bicycles, and chain saws. These chains will necessarily have relatively high rates of wear, particularly when the operators are prepared to accept more friction, less efficiency, more noise and more frequent replacement as they neglect lubrication and adjustment.

Many oil-based lubricants attract dirt and other particles, eventually forming an CHINAMFG paste that will compound wear on chains. This problem can be circumvented by use of a “dry” PTFE spray, which forms a solid film after application and repels both particles and moisture.

VARIANTS DESIGN

Layout of a roller chain: 1. Outer plate, 2. Inner plate, 3. Pin, 4. Bushing, 5. Roller
If the chain is not being used for a high wear application (for instance if it is just transmitting motion from a hand-operated lever to a control shaft on a machine, or a sliding door on an oven), then 1 of the simpler types of chain may still be used. Conversely, where extra strength but the smooth drive of a smaller pitch is required, the chain may be “siamesed”; instead of just 2 rows of plates on the outer sides of the chain, there may be 3 (“duplex”), 4 (“triplex”), or more rows of plates running parallel, with bushings and rollers between each adjacent pair, and the same number of rows of teeth running in parallel on the sprockets to match. Timing chains on automotive engines, for example, typically have multiple rows of plates called strands.

Roller chain is made in several sizes, the most common American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standards being 40, 50, 60, and 80. The first digit(s) indicate the pitch of the chain in eighths of an inch, with the last digit being 0 for standard chain, 1 for lightweight chain, and 5 for bushed chain with no rollers. Thus, a chain with half-inch pitch would be a #40 while a #160 sprocket would have teeth spaced 2 inches apart, etc. Metric pitches are expressed in sixteenths of an inch; thus a metric #8 chain (08B-1) would be equivalent to an ANSI #40. Most roller chain is made from plain carbon or alloy steel, but stainless steel is used in food processing machinery or other places where lubrication is a problem, and nylon or brass are occasionally seen for the same reason.

Roller chain is ordinarily hooked up using a master link (also known as a connecting link), which typically has 1 pin held by a horseshoe clip rather than friction fit, allowing it to be inserted or removed with simple tools. Chain with a removable link or pin is also known as cottered chain, which allows the length of the chain to be adjusted. Half links (also known as offsets) are available and are used to increase the length of the chain by a single roller. Riveted roller chain has the master link (also known as a connecting link) “riveted” or mashed on the ends. These pins are made to be durable and are not removable.

USE

An example of 2 ‘ghost’ sprockets tensioning a triplex roller chain system
Roller chains are used in low- to mid-speed drives at around 600 to 800 feet per minute; however, at higher speeds, around 2,000 to 3,000 feet per minute, V-belts are normally used due to wear and noise issues.
A bicycle chain is a form of roller chain. Bicycle chains may have a master link, or may require a chain tool for removal and installation. A similar but larger and thus stronger chain is used on most motorcycles although it is sometimes replaced by either a toothed belt or a shaft drive, which offer lower noise level and fewer maintenance requirements.
The great majority of automobile engines use roller chains to drive the camshaft(s). Very high performance engines often use gear drive, and starting in the early 1960s toothed belts were used by some manufacturers.
Chains are also used in forklifts using hydraulic rams as a pulley to raise and lower the carriage; however, these chains are not considered roller chains, but are classified as lift or leaf chains.
Chainsaw cutting chains superficially resemble roller chains but are more closely related to leaf chains. They are driven by projecting drive links which also serve to locate the chain CHINAMFG the bar.

Sea Harrier FA.2 ZA195 front (cold) vector thrust nozzle – the nozzle is rotated by a chain drive from an air motor
A perhaps unusual use of a pair of motorcycle chains is in the Harrier Jump Jet, where a chain drive from an air motor is used to rotate the movable engine nozzles, allowing them to be pointed downwards for hovering flight, or to the rear for normal CHINAMFG flight, a system known as Thrust vectoring.

WEAR

 

The effect of wear on a roller chain is to increase the pitch (spacing of the links), causing the chain to grow longer. Note that this is due to wear at the pivoting pins and bushes, not from actual stretching of the metal (as does happen to some flexible steel components such as the hand-brake cable of a motor vehicle).

With modern chains it is unusual for a chain (other than that of a bicycle) to wear until it breaks, since a worn chain leads to the rapid onset of wear on the teeth of the sprockets, with ultimate failure being the loss of all the teeth on the sprocket. The sprockets (in particular the smaller of the two) suffer a grinding motion that puts a characteristic hook shape into the driven face of the teeth. (This effect is made worse by a chain improperly tensioned, but is unavoidable no matter what care is taken). The worn teeth (and chain) no longer provides smooth transmission of power and this may become evident from the noise, the vibration or (in car engines using a timing chain) the variation in ignition timing seen with a timing light. Both sprockets and chain should be replaced in these cases, since a new chain on worn sprockets will not last long. However, in less severe cases it may be possible to save the larger of the 2 sprockets, since it is always the smaller 1 that suffers the most wear. Only in very light-weight applications such as a bicycle, or in extreme cases of improper tension, will the chain normally jump off the sprockets.

The lengthening due to wear of a chain is calculated by the following formula:

M = the length of a number of links measured

S = the number of links measured

P = Pitch

In industry, it is usual to monitor the movement of the chain tensioner (whether manual or automatic) or the exact length of a drive chain (one rule of thumb is to replace a roller chain which has elongated 3% on an adjustable drive or 1.5% on a fixed-center drive). A simpler method, particularly suitable for the cycle or motorcycle user, is to attempt to pull the chain away from the larger of the 2 sprockets, whilst ensuring the chain is taut. Any significant movement (e.g. making it possible to see through a gap) probably indicates a chain worn up to and beyond the limit. Sprocket damage will result if the problem is ignored. Sprocket wear cancels this effect, and may mask chain wear.

CHAIN STRENGTH

The most common measure of roller chain’s strength is tensile strength. Tensile strength represents how much load a chain can withstand under a one-time load before breaking. Just as important as tensile strength is a chain’s fatigue strength. The critical factors in a chain’s fatigue strength is the quality of steel used to manufacture the chain, the heat treatment of the chain components, the quality of the pitch hole fabrication of the linkplates, and the type of shot plus the intensity of shot peen coverage on the linkplates. Other factors can include the thickness of the linkplates and the design (contour) of the linkplates. The rule of thumb for roller chain operating on a continuous drive is for the chain load to not exceed a mere 1/6 or 1/9 of the chain’s tensile strength, depending on the type of master links used (press-fit vs. slip-fit)[citation needed]. Roller chains operating on a continuous drive beyond these thresholds can and typically do fail prematurely via linkplate fatigue failure.

The standard minimum ultimate strength of the ANSI 29.1 steel chain is 12,500 x (pitch, in inches)2. X-ring and O-Ring chains greatly decrease wear by means of internal lubricants, increasing chain life. The internal lubrication is inserted by means of a vacuum when riveting the chain together.

CHAIN STHangZhouRDS

Standards organizations (such as ANSI and ISO) maintain standards for design, dimensions, and interchangeability of transmission chains. For example, the following Table shows data from ANSI standard B29.1-2011 (Precision Power Transmission Roller Chains, Attachments, and Sprockets) developed by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). See the references[8][9][10] for additional information.

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard SizesSizePitchMaximum Roller DiameterMinimum Ultimate Tensile StrengthMeasuring Load25

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard Sizes
Size Pitch Maximum Roller Diameter Minimum Ultimate Tensile Strength Measuring Load
25 0.250 in (6.35 mm) 0.130 in (3.30 mm) 780 lb (350 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
35 0.375 in (9.53 mm) 0.200 in (5.08 mm) 1,760 lb (800 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
41 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.306 in (7.77 mm) 1,500 lb (680 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
40 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.312 in (7.92 mm) 3,125 lb (1,417 kg) 31 lb (14 kg)
50 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 0.400 in (10.16 mm) 4,880 lb (2,210 kg) 49 lb (22 kg)
60 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 0.469 in (11.91 mm) 7,030 lb (3,190 kg) 70 lb (32 kg)
80 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 12,500 lb (5,700 kg) 125 lb (57 kg)
100 1.250 in (31.75 mm) 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 19,531 lb (8,859 kg) 195 lb (88 kg)
120 1.500 in (38.10 mm) 0.875 in (22.23 mm) 28,125 lb (12,757 kg) 281 lb (127 kg)
140 1.750 in (44.45 mm) 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 38,280 lb (17,360 kg) 383 lb (174 kg)
160 2.000 in (50.80 mm) 1.125 in (28.58 mm) 50,000 lb (23,000 kg) 500 lb (230 kg)
180 2.250 in (57.15 mm) 1.460 in (37.08 mm) 63,280 lb (28,700 kg) 633 lb (287 kg)
200 2.500 in (63.50 mm) 1.562 in (39.67 mm) 78,175 lb (35,460 kg) 781 lb (354 kg)
240 3.000 in (76.20 mm) 1.875 in (47.63 mm) 112,500 lb (51,000 kg) 1,000 lb (450 kg

For mnemonic purposes, below is another presentation of key dimensions from the same standard, expressed in fractions of an inch (which was part of the thinking behind the choice of preferred numbers in the ANSI standard):

Pitch (inches) Pitch expressed
in eighths
ANSI standard
chain number
Width (inches)
14 28 25 18
38 38 35 316
12 48 41 14
12 48 40 516
58 58 50 38
34 68 60 12
1 88 80 58

Notes:
1. The pitch is the distance between roller centers. The width is the distance between the link plates (i.e. slightly more than the roller width to allow for clearance).
2. The right-hand digit of the standard denotes 0 = normal chain, 1 = lightweight chain, 5 = rollerless bushing chain.
3. The left-hand digit denotes the number of eighths of an inch that make up the pitch.
4. An “H” following the standard number denotes heavyweight chain. A hyphenated number following the standard number denotes double-strand (2), triple-strand (3), and so on. Thus 60H-3 denotes number 60 heavyweight triple-strand chain.
 A typical bicycle chain (for derailleur gears) uses narrow 1⁄2-inch-pitch chain. The width of the chain is variable, and does not affect the load capacity. The more sprockets at the rear wheel (historically 3-6, nowadays 7-12 sprockets), the narrower the chain. Chains are sold according to the number of speeds they are designed to work with, for example, “10 speed chain”. Hub gear or single speed bicycles use 1/2″ x 1/8″ chains, where 1/8″ refers to the maximum thickness of a sprocket that can be used with the chain.

Typically chains with parallel shaped links have an even number of links, with each narrow link followed by a broad one. Chains built up with a uniform type of link, narrow at 1 and broad at the other end, can be made with an odd number of links, which can be an advantage to adapt to a special chainwheel-distance; on the other side such a chain tends to be not so strong.

Roller chains made using ISO standard are sometimes called as isochains.

 

WHY CHOOSE US 

1. Reliable Quality Assurance System
2. Cutting-Edge Computer-Controlled CNC Machines
3. Bespoke Solutions from Highly Experienced Specialists
4. Customization and OEM Available for Specific Application
5. Extensive Inventory of Spare Parts and Accessories
6. Well-Developed CHINAMFG Marketing Network
7. Efficient After-Sale Service System

 

The 219 sets of advanced automatic production equipment provide guarantees for high product quality. The 167 engineers and technicians with senior professional titles can design and develop products to meet the exact demands of customers, and OEM customizations are also available with us. Our sound global service network can provide customers with timely after-sales technical services.

We are not just a manufacturer and supplier, but also an industry consultant. We work pro-actively with you to offer expert advice and product recommendations in order to end up with a most cost effective product available for your specific application. The clients we serve CHINAMFG range from end users to distributors and OEMs. Our OEM replacements can be substituted wherever necessary and suitable for both repair and new assemblies.

 

 

 

Standard or Nonstandard: Standard
Application: Textile Machinery, Garment Machinery, Conveyer Equipment, Packaging Machinery, Electric Cars, Motorcycle, Food Machinery, Marine, Mining Equipment, Agricultural Machinery, Car, Food and Beverage Industry, Motorcycle Parts
Surface Treatment: Polishing
Samples:
US$ 0/Meter
1 Meter(Min.Order)

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Customization:
Available

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engineering chain

What are the noise and vibration characteristics of engineering chains?

Engineering chains, like other types of roller chains, can produce noise and vibrations during their operation. The noise and vibration characteristics of engineering chains depend on several factors:

  • Lubrication: Proper lubrication of the chain can help reduce friction between the chain’s components, leading to smoother operation and lower noise levels.
  • Chain Condition: A well-maintained chain with proper tension and minimal wear is likely to produce less noise and vibration compared to a worn or damaged chain.
  • Alignment: Proper alignment of the sprockets and the chain is essential to minimize lateral forces, which can contribute to increased noise and vibration.
  • Load and Speed: Heavier loads and higher speeds can increase the dynamic forces within the chain, leading to more pronounced noise and vibration.
  • Environmental Factors: External factors, such as temperature, humidity, and contaminants, can influence the chain’s noise and vibration characteristics.

Chain noise and vibration can be managed through various measures:

  • Chain Design: Some chains are designed with noise reduction features, such as special profile plates or noise-dampening materials.
  • Lubrication: Using high-quality and appropriate lubricants can help reduce friction and noise.
  • Tensioning: Properly tensioned chains experience less vibration and are less likely to produce noise.
  • Maintenance: Regular inspection and maintenance can identify and address any issues that may contribute to increased noise and vibration.
  • Isolation: In some applications, adding vibration isolators or dampeners can help reduce the transmission of noise and vibrations to surrounding structures.

It’s important to consider the specific requirements of the application and consult with chain manufacturers or experts to select the most suitable engineering chain and implement noise and vibration mitigation strategies when necessary.

engineering chain

What are the benefits of using an engineering chain over other power transmission methods?

Engineering chains offer several advantages over other power transmission methods, making them a preferred choice in various industrial applications:

  • High Strength: Engineering chains are designed to handle heavy loads and high torque, making them suitable for demanding applications that require robust and reliable power transmission.
  • Wide Range of Sizes: These chains are available in a wide range of sizes and configurations, allowing for flexibility in design and accommodating various application requirements.
  • Durable and Long-Lasting: When properly maintained, engineering chains have a long service life, reducing the need for frequent replacements and minimizing downtime in industrial operations.
  • Adaptable to Harsh Environments: Engineering chains are capable of operating in harsh conditions, including dusty, dirty, or corrosive environments, without compromising their performance.
  • Shock Load Resistance: The design of engineering chains allows them to handle sudden impact forces and shock loads, which can occur in certain industrial processes.
  • Cost-Effective: Engineering chains often provide a cost-effective solution for power transmission compared to other methods, especially in high-load applications.
  • Simple Installation: With proper alignment and tensioning, engineering chains are relatively easy to install, reducing installation time and labor costs.
  • Bi-Directional Power Transmission: Engineering chains can transmit power in both forward and reverse directions, making them suitable for applications requiring bidirectional motion.
  • Low Maintenance: Regular maintenance, such as lubrication and inspection, can keep engineering chains in good working condition, reducing overall maintenance costs.
  • Reduction of Noise and Vibration: When adequately lubricated and aligned, engineering chains can operate quietly and with minimal vibration, contributing to a more comfortable and safer working environment.

Despite their many advantages, it’s essential to consider the specific requirements of each application before selecting an engineering chain. Factors such as load capacity, speed, environmental conditions, and space constraints should be taken into account to ensure the chain’s optimal performance and longevity.

In summary, engineering chains are a versatile and reliable power transmission method, offering a range of benefits that make them well-suited for use in various industrial settings.

engineering chain

What materials are engineering chains typically made of?

Engineering chains are commonly made from a variety of durable and high-strength materials to ensure their performance and longevity in demanding industrial applications. The choice of material depends on factors such as the application’s requirements, environmental conditions, and the specific type of engineering chain. Some of the typical materials used for engineering chains include:

1. Carbon Steel: Carbon steel is a popular choice for engineering chains due to its excellent strength and affordability. It is suitable for many standard industrial applications where moderate strength and resistance to wear are required.

2. Alloy Steel: Alloy steel offers higher strength and better resistance to wear and fatigue compared to carbon steel. It is commonly used in heavy-duty and high-stress applications, such as mining equipment and construction machinery.

3. Stainless Steel: Stainless steel is chosen for its corrosion resistance properties, making it ideal for applications where the chain may be exposed to moisture, chemicals, or harsh environments. It is commonly used in food processing, pharmaceuticals, and outdoor applications.

4. Nickel-Plated Steel: Nickel-plated steel chains provide enhanced corrosion resistance while retaining the strength of carbon or alloy steel. They are often used in applications where both strength and corrosion resistance are important.

5. Plastic: In some cases, engineering chains may be constructed entirely from plastic or have plastic components. Plastic chains are commonly used in industries requiring low noise, lightweight, and corrosion resistance, such as the food and beverage industry and packaging applications.

6. Other Specialty Materials: Depending on the specific requirements of an application, engineering chains may also be made from other specialty materials like bronze, zinc-plated steel, or coated chains to meet particular needs.

The choice of material is crucial in determining the performance, longevity, and suitability of the engineering chain for a specific application. Manufacturers provide information on the material composition of their chains, allowing users to select the most appropriate material based on the intended use and operating conditions.

China OEM Engineering and Construction Machinery Industrial 64b-3 B Series Short Pitch Precision Triplex Industrial Martin Gearbox Roller Chains and Bush Chains  China OEM Engineering and Construction Machinery Industrial 64b-3 B Series Short Pitch Precision Triplex Industrial Martin Gearbox Roller Chains and Bush Chains
editor by CX 2023-11-20

China manufacturer Industrial Engineering Chains for Transmission Escalator

Product Description

We can supply various kinds chains for escalator, any needs please feel free to contact us for more information. 

About Us

With more than 30 years’ experience in machinery industry, Mr.Qian has the factory of his own in 2001.

Since 2006, our factory has developed from a factory that mainly provides machinery processing services to a specialized manufacturer of a series of guide rails for elevators.

We exported from 2008, till now we have exported many countries.

Our factory has passed ISO 9001 certificate. And our guide rails has passed type test in our industry.
      

After several years in this field,now we also can produce and supply some other elevator parts, if they exported with the rails ,the price will be much better. For more information please refer to our website:

       tcxinxing
    

Product Description

Xihu (West Lake) Dis. system; Safety System;Traction System;Electric System;Door System;Cabin and CW parts
Please contact with us for your information.

   

 

Xihu (West Lake) Dis. System Safety System Traction System Electric System
Xihu (West Lake) Dis. rail Light Curtain Rope Attachment elevator fan
Rail clip Safety Gear Wire Rope elevator switch
Bolts Speed Governor Traction Machine Inspection Box
Rail bracket Rope Brake Deflector Sheave Hall Lantern
Xihu (West Lake) Dis. shoes Buffer Anti-vibration Pad Push Button
Compensation Chain     Display
Xihu (West Lake) Dis. Device COP,LOP
  Inverter
Door System ARD
  Elevator Cable
Cabin and CW parts  
 
Escalator parts

 

      

 

Type: Light
Load Capacity: 4500 Persons/H
Use of Occasions: Public Traffic
Speed: 0.5M/S
Slope Angle: 30°
Width of Stair: 800mm
Customization:
Available

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Customized Request

engineering chain

How do engineering chains handle variable speed requirements?

Engineering chains are designed to handle variable speed requirements in power transmission systems. They are capable of accommodating a wide range of speeds without compromising their performance or durability. Here’s how engineering chains handle variable speed conditions:

  • Flexible Design: Engineering chains are constructed with a flexible design that allows them to adapt to changes in speed. The chain’s links and rollers can smoothly engage and disengage with the sprockets, ensuring efficient power transmission even at varying speeds.
  • Smooth Operation: The precision manufacturing of engineering chains ensures smooth and consistent operation across different speed ranges. This smooth operation reduces vibration and noise, minimizing wear and tear on the chain and sprockets.
  • Lubrication: Proper lubrication is essential for engineering chains to handle variable speed conditions. Lubrication reduces friction between the chain’s components, preventing premature wear and enhancing the chain’s ability to operate effectively at different speeds.
  • Load Distribution: Engineering chains distribute the transmitted load evenly across their links, reducing stress concentration points. This load distribution capability enables the chain to handle varying torque and speed requirements without compromising its strength or performance.
  • High-Quality Materials: The use of high-quality materials in engineering chains ensures their ability to withstand the rigors of variable speed applications. High-grade alloy steels or stainless steels are often used to enhance the chain’s strength, durability, and resistance to fatigue.
  • Proper Tensioning: Maintaining the appropriate tension in the engineering chain is crucial for reliable performance at varying speeds. Proper tensioning prevents chain slack and excessive wear, ensuring the chain remains engaged with the sprockets at all times.
  • Variable Pitch Chains: In some applications, engineers may opt for variable pitch chains. These chains have special designs that allow them to accommodate variable speed conditions more effectively.

By considering factors such as chain design, lubrication, load distribution, material quality, and tensioning, engineering chains can smoothly handle variable speed requirements in various industrial applications. Ensuring proper maintenance and selecting the appropriate chain type for the specific application will maximize the chain’s performance and service life.

engineering chain

Can engineering chains be used in food processing or packaging industries?

Yes, engineering chains can be used in food processing and packaging industries under certain conditions. However, several considerations must be taken into account to ensure the safe and hygienic use of engineering chains in such applications.

Key factors to consider when using engineering chains in the food industry include:

  • Food-Grade Materials: Engineering chains intended for use in food processing and packaging must be made from food-grade materials that meet industry standards for cleanliness and hygiene. Stainless steel chains are commonly used in these applications due to their corrosion resistance and ease of cleaning.
  • Design and Construction: The chain design should minimize crevices, pockets, or areas that can trap food particles or contaminants. Smooth surfaces and sealed joints are preferred to facilitate thorough cleaning and prevent bacterial growth.
  • Temperature and Chemical Resistance: Engineering chains should be capable of withstanding the temperature ranges and cleaning agents used in food processing facilities without compromising their performance or integrity.
  • Lubrication: If lubrication is required, food-grade lubricants must be used to avoid contamination of the food products or packaging materials.
  • Cleanability: The chain and its components should be easily accessible for cleaning and sanitation procedures. Quick disassembly and reassembly can also be beneficial for efficient cleaning processes.
  • Regulatory Compliance: Compliance with food safety and sanitation regulations is of utmost importance. Engineering chains used in the food industry should meet industry standards and regulations to ensure product safety.

It’s crucial for food processing and packaging companies to work closely with chain suppliers who understand the specific requirements of the industry and offer chains designed and manufactured to meet these standards. Regular maintenance and inspections are essential to detect any signs of wear, damage, or contamination that could compromise the chain’s suitability for food-related applications.

By adhering to these guidelines and best practices, engineering chains can safely and effectively be used in food processing and packaging industries, contributing to the efficient and reliable operation of conveyor systems and other equipment in these critical sectors.

engineering chain

Can engineering chains be used in corrosive or harsh environments?

Yes, engineering chains can be designed and manufactured to withstand corrosive or harsh environments. When operating in such conditions, it is crucial to select the appropriate materials and coatings for the chain to ensure its durability and performance. Here are some considerations for using engineering chains in corrosive or harsh environments:

1. Material Selection: Choose materials that have high corrosion resistance, such as stainless steel or nickel-plated chains. These materials can withstand exposure to moisture, chemicals, and other corrosive agents.

2. Coatings and Surface Treatments: Applying specialized coatings or surface treatments to the chain can further enhance its corrosion resistance. Common coatings include zinc plating, chromate conversion coating, and polymer coatings.

3. Sealed Joints: Opt for engineering chains with sealed joints or special seals to protect the internal components from contaminants and moisture, reducing the risk of corrosion.

4. Environmental Ratings: Some engineering chains may come with specific environmental ratings that indicate their suitability for certain conditions. Check these ratings to ensure the chain is appropriate for the intended environment.

5. Regular Maintenance: Even with corrosion-resistant materials and coatings, regular maintenance is essential. Keep the chain clean, lubricated, and free from debris to prevent corrosion and premature wear.

6. Compatibility with Other Components: Ensure that all components in the chain system, such as sprockets and bearings, are also suitable for use in corrosive environments.

7. Temperature Considerations: Take into account the operating temperature range of the environment. Some materials may perform differently at extreme temperatures, affecting the chain’s overall performance.

8. Chemical Exposure: If the chain will be exposed to specific chemicals or substances, verify that the chosen materials and coatings are resistant to those chemicals.

By carefully selecting the right materials, coatings, and design features, engineering chains can effectively handle corrosive or harsh environments, maintaining their functionality and longevity in challenging industrial applications.

China manufacturer Industrial Engineering Chains for Transmission Escalator  China manufacturer Industrial Engineering Chains for Transmission Escalator
editor by CX 2023-10-10

China supplier Industrial Transmission Engineering Construction Machinery Conveyor Silent Attachment Chains

Product Description

Our CZPT chain was produced by machinery processing from raw materials to finished products and a full set of quality testing equipment. Mechanical processing equipment include grinding machines, high speed punching machines, milling machines, high speed automatic rolling and assembling machine. Heat treatment was processed by continuous mesh belt conveyor furnace, mesh belt conveyor annealing furnace, advanced central control system of heat treatment, rotary CZPT for chain component heat treatment, which ensure the stability and consistency of the key function of chain components.

We are the best suppliers of Chinese largest palletizing robot enterprises. These items are durable quality with affordable prices, replace of Japan chains, ZheJiang chains exported to Europe, America, Asia and other countries and regions..

 

Model No. 08A-1--48A-1
Usage Transimission chain
Feature Heat treatment
Tensile Strength 1.8kn-3750kn

Chain Pictures

ROLLER CHAIN

Roller chain or bush roller chain is the type of chain drive most commonly used for transmission of mechanical power on many kinds of domestic, industrial and agricultural machinery, including conveyors, wire- and tube-drawing machines, printing presses, cars, motorcycles, and bicycles. It consists of a series of short cylindrical rollers held together by side links. It is driven by a toothed wheel called a sprocket. It is a simple, reliable, and efficient means of power transmission.

CONSTRUCTION OF THE CHAIN

Two different sizes of roller chain, showing construction.
There are 2 types of links alternating in the bush roller chain. The first type is inner links, having 2 inner plates held together by 2 sleeves or bushings CZPT which rotate 2 rollers. Inner links alternate with the second type, the outer links, consisting of 2 outer plates held together by pins passing through the bushings of the inner links. The “bushingless” roller chain is similar in operation though not in construction; instead of separate bushings or sleeves holding the inner plates together, the plate has a tube stamped into it protruding from the hole which serves the same purpose. This has the advantage of removing 1 step in assembly of the chain.

The roller chain design reduces friction compared to simpler designs, resulting in higher efficiency and less wear. The original power transmission chain varieties lacked rollers and bushings, with both the inner and outer plates held by pins which directly contacted the sprocket teeth; however this configuration exhibited extremely rapid wear of both the sprocket teeth, and the plates where they pivoted on the pins. This problem was partially solved by the development of bushed chains, with the pins holding the outer plates passing through bushings or sleeves connecting the inner plates. This distributed the wear over a greater area; however the teeth of the sprockets still wore more rapidly than is desirable, from the sliding friction against the bushings. The addition of rollers surrounding the bushing sleeves of the chain and provided rolling contact with the teeth of the sprockets resulting in excellent resistance to wear of both sprockets and chain as well. There is even very low friction, as long as the chain is sufficiently lubricated. Continuous, clean, lubrication of roller chains is of primary importance for efficient operation as well as correct tensioning.

LUBRICATION

Many driving chains (for example, in factory equipment, or driving a camshaft inside an internal combustion engine) operate in clean environments, and thus the wearing surfaces (that is, the pins and bushings) are safe from precipitation and airborne grit, many even in a sealed environment such as an oil bath. Some roller chains are designed to have o-rings built into the space between the outside link plate and the inside roller link plates. Chain manufacturers began to include this feature in 1971 after the application was invented by Joseph Montano while working for Whitney Chain of Hartford, Connecticut. O-rings were included as a way to improve lubrication to the links of power transmission chains, a service that is vitally important to extending their working life. These rubber fixtures form a barrier that holds factory applied lubricating grease inside the pin and bushing wear areas. Further, the rubber o-rings prevent dirt and other contaminants from entering inside the chain linkages, where such particles would otherwise cause significant wear.[citation needed]

There are also many chains that have to operate in dirty conditions, and for size or operational reasons cannot be sealed. Examples include chains on farm equipment, bicycles, and chain saws. These chains will necessarily have relatively high rates of wear, particularly when the operators are prepared to accept more friction, less efficiency, more noise and more frequent replacement as they neglect lubrication and adjustment.

Many oil-based lubricants attract dirt and other particles, eventually forming an CZPT paste that will compound wear on chains. This problem can be circumvented by use of a “dry” PTFE spray, which forms a solid film after application and repels both particles and moisture.

VARIANTS DESIGN

Layout of a roller chain: 1. Outer plate, 2. Inner plate, 3. Pin, 4. Bushing, 5. Roller
If the chain is not being used for a high wear application (for instance if it is just transmitting motion from a hand-operated lever to a control shaft on a machine, or a sliding door on an oven), then 1 of the simpler types of chain may still be used. Conversely, where extra strength but the smooth drive of a smaller pitch is required, the chain may be “siamesed”; instead of just 2 rows of plates on the outer sides of the chain, there may be 3 (“duplex”), 4 (“triplex”), or more rows of plates running parallel, with bushings and rollers between each adjacent pair, and the same number of rows of teeth running in parallel on the sprockets to match. Timing chains on automotive engines, for example, typically have multiple rows of plates called strands.

Roller chain is made in several sizes, the most common American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standards being 40, 50, 60, and 80. The first digit(s) indicate the pitch of the chain in eighths of an inch, with the last digit being 0 for standard chain, 1 for lightweight chain, and 5 for bushed chain with no rollers. Thus, a chain with half-inch pitch would be a #40 while a #160 sprocket would have teeth spaced 2 inches apart, etc. Metric pitches are expressed in sixteenths of an inch; thus a metric #8 chain (08B-1) would be equivalent to an ANSI #40. Most roller chain is made from plain carbon or alloy steel, but stainless steel is used in food processing machinery or other places where lubrication is a problem, and nylon or brass are occasionally seen for the same reason.

Roller chain is ordinarily hooked up using a master link (also known as a connecting link), which typically has 1 pin held by a horseshoe clip rather than friction fit, allowing it to be inserted or removed with simple tools. Chain with a removable link or pin is also known as cottered chain, which allows the length of the chain to be adjusted. Half links (also known as offsets) are available and are used to increase the length of the chain by a single roller. Riveted roller chain has the master link (also known as a connecting link) “riveted” or mashed on the ends. These pins are made to be durable and are not removable.

USE

An example of 2 ‘ghost’ sprockets tensioning a triplex roller chain system
Roller chains are used in low- to mid-speed drives at around 600 to 800 feet per minute; however, at higher speeds, around 2,000 to 3,000 feet per minute, V-belts are normally used due to wear and noise issues.
A bicycle chain is a form of roller chain. Bicycle chains may have a master link, or may require a chain tool for removal and installation. A similar but larger and thus stronger chain is used on most motorcycles although it is sometimes replaced by either a toothed belt or a shaft drive, which offer lower noise level and fewer maintenance requirements.
The great majority of automobile engines use roller chains to drive the camshaft(s). Very high performance engines often use gear drive, and starting in the early 1960s toothed belts were used by some manufacturers.
Chains are also used in forklifts using hydraulic rams as a pulley to raise and lower the carriage; however, these chains are not considered roller chains, but are classified as lift or leaf chains.
Chainsaw cutting chains superficially resemble roller chains but are more closely related to leaf chains. They are driven by projecting drive links which also serve to locate the chain CZPT the bar.

Sea Harrier FA.2 ZA195 front (cold) vector thrust nozzle – the nozzle is rotated by a chain drive from an air motor
A perhaps unusual use of a pair of motorcycle chains is in the Harrier Jump Jet, where a chain drive from an air motor is used to rotate the movable engine nozzles, allowing them to be pointed downwards for hovering flight, or to the rear for normal CZPT flight, a system known as Thrust vectoring.

WEAR

 

The effect of wear on a roller chain is to increase the pitch (spacing of the links), causing the chain to grow longer. Note that this is due to wear at the pivoting pins and bushes, not from actual stretching of the metal (as does happen to some flexible steel components such as the hand-brake cable of a motor vehicle).

With modern chains it is unusual for a chain (other than that of a bicycle) to wear until it breaks, since a worn chain leads to the rapid onset of wear on the teeth of the sprockets, with ultimate failure being the loss of all the teeth on the sprocket. The sprockets (in particular the smaller of the two) suffer a grinding motion that puts a characteristic hook shape into the driven face of the teeth. (This effect is made worse by a chain improperly tensioned, but is unavoidable no matter what care is taken). The worn teeth (and chain) no longer provides smooth transmission of power and this may become evident from the noise, the vibration or (in car engines using a timing chain) the variation in ignition timing seen with a timing light. Both sprockets and chain should be replaced in these cases, since a new chain on worn sprockets will not last long. However, in less severe cases it may be possible to save the larger of the 2 sprockets, since it is always the smaller 1 that suffers the most wear. Only in very light-weight applications such as a bicycle, or in extreme cases of improper tension, will the chain normally jump off the sprockets.

The lengthening due to wear of a chain is calculated by the following formula:

M = the length of a number of links measured

S = the number of links measured

P = Pitch

In industry, it is usual to monitor the movement of the chain tensioner (whether manual or automatic) or the exact length of a drive chain (one rule of thumb is to replace a roller chain which has elongated 3% on an adjustable drive or 1.5% on a fixed-center drive). A simpler method, particularly suitable for the cycle or motorcycle user, is to attempt to pull the chain away from the larger of the 2 sprockets, whilst ensuring the chain is taut. Any significant movement (e.g. making it possible to see through a gap) probably indicates a chain worn up to and beyond the limit. Sprocket damage will result if the problem is ignored. Sprocket wear cancels this effect, and may mask chain wear.

CHAIN STRENGTH

The most common measure of roller chain’s strength is tensile strength. Tensile strength represents how much load a chain can withstand under a one-time load before breaking. Just as important as tensile strength is a chain’s fatigue strength. The critical factors in a chain’s fatigue strength is the quality of steel used to manufacture the chain, the heat treatment of the chain components, the quality of the pitch hole fabrication of the linkplates, and the type of shot plus the intensity of shot peen coverage on the linkplates. Other factors can include the thickness of the linkplates and the design (contour) of the linkplates. The rule of thumb for roller chain operating on a continuous drive is for the chain load to not exceed a mere 1/6 or 1/9 of the chain’s tensile strength, depending on the type of master links used (press-fit vs. slip-fit)[citation needed]. Roller chains operating on a continuous drive beyond these thresholds can and typically do fail prematurely via linkplate fatigue failure.

The standard minimum ultimate strength of the ANSI 29.1 steel chain is 12,500 x (pitch, in inches)2. X-ring and O-Ring chains greatly decrease wear by means of internal lubricants, increasing chain life. The internal lubrication is inserted by means of a vacuum when riveting the chain together.

CHAIN STHangZhouRDS

Standards organizations (such as ANSI and ISO) maintain standards for design, dimensions, and interchangeability of transmission chains. For example, the following Table shows data from ANSI standard B29.1-2011 (Precision Power Transmission Roller Chains, Attachments, and Sprockets) developed by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). See the references[8][9][10] for additional information.

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard SizesSizePitchMaximum Roller DiameterMinimum Ultimate Tensile StrengthMeasuring Load25

ASME/ANSI B29.1-2011 Roller Chain Standard Sizes
Size Pitch Maximum Roller Diameter Minimum Ultimate Tensile Strength Measuring Load
25 0.250 in (6.35 mm) 0.130 in (3.30 mm) 780 lb (350 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
35 0.375 in (9.53 mm) 0.200 in (5.08 mm) 1,760 lb (800 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
41 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.306 in (7.77 mm) 1,500 lb (680 kg) 18 lb (8.2 kg)
40 0.500 in (12.70 mm) 0.312 in (7.92 mm) 3,125 lb (1,417 kg) 31 lb (14 kg)
50 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 0.400 in (10.16 mm) 4,880 lb (2,210 kg) 49 lb (22 kg)
60 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 0.469 in (11.91 mm) 7,030 lb (3,190 kg) 70 lb (32 kg)
80 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 0.625 in (15.88 mm) 12,500 lb (5,700 kg) 125 lb (57 kg)
100 1.250 in (31.75 mm) 0.750 in (19.05 mm) 19,531 lb (8,859 kg) 195 lb (88 kg)
120 1.500 in (38.10 mm) 0.875 in (22.23 mm) 28,125 lb (12,757 kg) 281 lb (127 kg)
140 1.750 in (44.45 mm) 1.000 in (25.40 mm) 38,280 lb (17,360 kg) 383 lb (174 kg)
160 2.000 in (50.80 mm) 1.125 in (28.58 mm) 50,000 lb (23,000 kg) 500 lb (230 kg)
180 2.250 in (57.15 mm) 1.460 in (37.08 mm) 63,280 lb (28,700 kg) 633 lb (287 kg)
200 2.500 in (63.50 mm) 1.562 in (39.67 mm) 78,175 lb (35,460 kg) 781 lb (354 kg)
240 3.000 in (76.20 mm) 1.875 in (47.63 mm) 112,500 lb (51,000 kg) 1,000 lb (450 kg

For mnemonic purposes, below is another presentation of key dimensions from the same standard, expressed in fractions of an inch (which was part of the thinking behind the choice of preferred numbers in the ANSI standard):

Pitch (inches) Pitch expressed
in eighths
ANSI standard
chain number
Width (inches)
14 28 25 18
38 38 35 316
12 48 41 14
12 48 40 516
58 58 50 38
34 68 60 12
1 88 80 58

Notes:
1. The pitch is the distance between roller centers. The width is the distance between the link plates (i.e. slightly more than the roller width to allow for clearance).
2. The right-hand digit of the standard denotes 0 = normal chain, 1 = lightweight chain, 5 = rollerless bushing chain.
3. The left-hand digit denotes the number of eighths of an inch that make up the pitch.
4. An “H” following the standard number denotes heavyweight chain. A hyphenated number following the standard number denotes double-strand (2), triple-strand (3), and so on. Thus 60H-3 denotes number 60 heavyweight triple-strand chain.
 A typical bicycle chain (for derailleur gears) uses narrow 1⁄2-inch-pitch chain. The width of the chain is variable, and does not affect the load capacity. The more sprockets at the rear wheel (historically 3-6, nowadays 7-12 sprockets), the narrower the chain. Chains are sold according to the number of speeds they are designed to work with, for example, “10 speed chain”. Hub gear or single speed bicycles use 1/2″ x 1/8″ chains, where 1/8″ refers to the maximum thickness of a sprocket that can be used with the chain.

Typically chains with parallel shaped links have an even number of links, with each narrow link followed by a broad one. Chains built up with a uniform type of link, narrow at 1 and broad at the other end, can be made with an odd number of links, which can be an advantage to adapt to a special chainwheel-distance; on the other side such a chain tends to be not so strong.

Roller chains made using ISO standard are sometimes called as isochains.

 

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engineering chain

How do engineering chains compare to other types of chains in terms of efficiency?

Engineering chains are known for their high efficiency in power transmission compared to some other types of chains. Their efficiency can be attributed to several factors:

  • Minimal Friction: Engineering chains are designed with precision rollers and bushings, which reduces friction between the chain’s components. This results in less energy loss during power transmission.
  • High-Quality Materials: These chains are typically made from high-quality materials, such as alloy steel, which ensures durability and minimal elongation under heavy loads. This material choice helps maintain efficiency over extended periods of use.
  • Precise Manufacturing: Engineering chains are manufactured with tight tolerances and precise engineering, ensuring consistent performance and smooth operation. This precision minimizes energy losses due to chain misalignment or uneven loading.
  • Optimized Design: The design of engineering chains takes into account the specific requirements of power transmission, making them well-suited for their intended applications. This optimized design contributes to their overall efficiency.
  • Proper Lubrication: Regular and proper lubrication of engineering chains is essential to maintain their efficiency. Adequate lubrication reduces friction and wear, optimizing power transfer efficiency.

Compared to some other types of chains, such as standard roller chains, engineering chains may offer higher efficiency due to their advanced design and manufacturing processes. However, the choice of chain type depends on the specific application requirements, load conditions, operating environment, and other factors.

In certain applications, other power transmission methods like belts or gears might be preferred over chains, based on factors such as noise level, space constraints, and maintenance considerations. Each power transmission method has its advantages and limitations, and selecting the most suitable option requires careful consideration of the application’s needs.

engineering chain

How do engineering chains handle product accumulation and spacing in conveyor systems?

In conveyor systems, product accumulation and spacing are essential considerations to ensure smooth and efficient material handling. Engineering chains play a crucial role in managing product flow and maintaining proper spacing between items. Here’s how they handle these tasks:

1. Accumulation: Engineering chains can be designed with special attachments that allow for product accumulation. These attachments create zones on the conveyor where products can accumulate without interrupting the overall conveyor operation. The accumulation zones are usually equipped with sensors or photo eyes to detect product presence and control the chain’s movement, preventing collisions and jams.

2. Spacing: To achieve proper spacing between products on the conveyor, engineering chains may be equipped with specially designed attachments or guides. These guides ensure that each item is evenly spaced from the one in front of it, preventing product collisions and maintaining a consistent flow. The spacing between products can be adjusted by modifying the length of the conveyor or changing the attachment configuration on the chain.

3. Timing and Synchronization: In automated conveyor systems, engineering chains are often used to synchronize the movement of products. Through precise control and positioning, the chain ensures that items are released at the correct intervals, maintaining the desired spacing and preventing congestion.

4. Low Back Pressure: Engineering chains can be designed with low back pressure accumulation, which allows products to accumulate while maintaining gentle contact with each other. This reduces the risk of damage to delicate or sensitive items and improves overall product handling.

5. Diverter and Merge Solutions: Engineering chains can incorporate diverters and merge units to redirect products to different conveyor lines while maintaining proper spacing. These units efficiently manage product flow and distribution in complex conveyor systems.

6. Customization: Manufacturers can customize engineering chains to suit specific product sizes, weights, and handling requirements. This ensures optimal performance and reduces the risk of jams or disruptions in the conveyor system.

Overall, engineering chains are integral components in conveyor systems, enabling effective product accumulation and spacing. Their precise control, customizability, and synchronization capabilities contribute to the smooth and efficient operation of material handling processes in various industries.

engineering chain

How do you select the right size and pitch for an engineering chain?

Choosing the correct size and pitch for an engineering chain is essential to ensure optimal performance, longevity, and safety in industrial applications. Here are the steps to guide you in selecting the right engineering chain size and pitch:

1. Identify the Application Requirements: Understand the specific requirements of the application where the engineering chain will be used. Consider factors such as the load to be carried, the speed of operation, the environmental conditions, and any special considerations like corrosion resistance or high-temperature requirements.

2. Determine the Chain Type: Engineering chains come in various types, such as roller chains, conveyor chains, drive chains, and specialty chains. Choose the chain type that best matches the intended application and the type of motion required.

3. Calculate the Chain Pitch: The chain pitch refers to the distance between each roller pin or attachment point on the chain. To calculate the chain pitch, measure the center-to-center distance of any three consecutive pins and divide it by two. Ensure that the calculated pitch matches the chain’s specified pitch.

4. Calculate the Chain Length: Determine the required length of the engineering chain by considering the distance between the sprockets and any additional slack or tension needed for smooth operation. Ensure that the selected chain length is appropriate for the application and fits well without being overly tight or loose.

5. Check Load Capacity and Strength: Refer to the manufacturer’s data or engineering chain catalog to determine the load capacity and strength of the selected chain. Ensure that the chain’s load capacity exceeds the maximum loads expected in the application to prevent premature wear or failure.

6. Consider the Environmental Factors: Take into account any environmental factors that may affect the performance of the engineering chain, such as temperature, moisture, chemicals, or abrasive materials. Choose a chain material that can withstand the specific environmental conditions to ensure longevity.

7. Consult with Manufacturers or Suppliers: If you are uncertain about selecting the right engineering chain, do not hesitate to consult with chain manufacturers or suppliers. They can provide valuable insights and recommendations based on their expertise and knowledge of various applications.

By following these steps and carefully evaluating the application’s requirements, you can select the appropriate size and pitch for an engineering chain, ensuring reliable and efficient operation in your specific industrial setting.

China supplier Industrial Transmission Engineering Construction Machinery Conveyor Silent Attachment Chains  China supplier Industrial Transmission Engineering Construction Machinery Conveyor Silent Attachment Chains
editor by CX 2023-08-09